The Expert Guide To Understanding Different Types Of Hemming Stitches
Hemming is one of the most essential sewing techniques that a seamstress must master. It is a finishing stitch that conceals the rough edges of a fabric and gives it a neat and polished look. Different types of hemming stitches are used for different fabrics, garments and hem types. In this expert guide, we will take a closer look at some of the most popular hemming stitches that you can use in your sewing projects.
The Basic Hem
The basic hem stitch is a simple fold-and-sew stitch that is used for lightweight and medium-weight fabrics. Fold the fabric edge twice and sew it straight along the folded edge. Use matching thread color to blend in with the fabric color for a seamless finish. A basic hem is ideal for skirts, dresses, and pants.
The Blind Hem
The blind hem stitch is a type of hemming technique that is used for creating a nearly invisible hem. This hemming stitch is achieved by using a special presser foot that creates a zigzag stitch along the folded edge. Use a matching thread color for your fabric to achieve the seamless finish. A blind hem is ideal for skirts, dresses, and pants.
The Rolled Hem
The rolled hem is a hemming stitch that is used for lightweight fabrics such as chiffon, silk, and organza. It is a narrow hem that is rolled and sewn in place using a straight stitch or a zigzag stitch. A rolled hem is perfect for scarves, handkerchiefs and delicate garments.
The Catch Stitch
The catch stitch is a type of hem that is used for fabrics that have a tendency to stretch, such as knitwear. This stitch creates a flexible hemming solution that allows for movement and adjustability. A catch stitch is created by looping the thread around the fabric edge in a zigzag motion. Use a contrasting color thread to create a decorative finish. This hem is ideal for knitwear, t-shirts, and cuffs.
The French Seam
The French seam is a type of hem that creates a fully enclosed seam with no raw edges visible on either side of the fabric. This technique is used on lightweight and delicate fabrics that are prone to fraying. A French seam is created by sewing two fabric pieces together with a narrow seam allowance, trimming the excess fabric, and sewing the seam again with a wider seam allowance. This hem is ideal for sheer fabrics, blouses, and delicate dresses.
The Bias Hem
The bias hem is a type of hem that is used for fabrics that are cut on the bias, such as bias-cut skirts and dresses. This type of hemming technique uses bias binding to finish the edges of the fabric. A bias hem is created by sewing the binding along the edge of the fabric, folding it over and sewing it again. A bias hem is perfect for bias-cut skirts and dresses.
The Knife Pleat Hem
The knife pleat hem is a type of hemming technique that is used for creating full, pleated skirts or dresses. This technique creates a decorative hem with plenty of movement and volume. The knife pleat hem is created by folding the fabric and sewing it in place along the folded edges. Use a matching thread color for a seamless finish. A knife pleat hem is ideal for full, pleated skirts and dresses.
In conclusion, learning different types of hemming stitches can help you achieve professional-looking finishes in your sewing projects. Each type of hemming technique has its own unique style and purpose. With a little practice and patience, you can master these stitching techniques and take your sewing skills to the next level.